Puffin (Fratercula arctica)
The puffin is one of the most common sea birds in the Breiðafjörður bay. The puffin digs nest holes in many of the islands and mostly feeds on sand eel. Despite the puffin distribution in Breiðafjörður bay, little research has been done on the puffin in Breiðafjörður.
The nesting ecology of the puffin in Breiðafjörður bay
A study on the nesting ecology of the puffin in the southern island in Breiðafjörður bay was started in the summer of 2010. The objective is to evaluate the population size, hole occupancy rate, evaluate the age ratios in puffin hunter bags and collect information on past harvest numbers. This information will make it possible to compare the Breiðafjörður bay puffin population to other puffin populations around Iceland. In 2010, the study included five islands in south Breiðafjörður bay. The puffin population size in those islands was evaluated and the hole occupancy rate monitored over the summer.
Reviving old puffin colonies
Another project will start in the summer of 2011. Puffin decoys will be made and used to revive abandoned puffin colonies in the southern islands of Breiðafjörður bay. Students from the 10th gradeof the primary school in Stykkishólmur will make the decoys from wood, paint them. Puffin decoys will also be placed where no known puffins have nested.